When the doctor tells you that you are suffering from mitral valve stenosis, you may believe that the world has ended. It is normal to feel really bad. This is a diagnosis that basically means that you will most likely have to go through heart surgery. The mitral valve will be narrowed and blood flow will decrease inside your heart. As mitral stenosis is present, the valve will obstruct free blood flow through your atrium. This basically means that your heart is forced to work really hard in order to pump blood as the valve is narrow. Heart failure can happen because of over exertion so you need to be careful.
Mitral Valve Stenosis Causes
In most situations the condition appears because of earlier damage that was caused to your valve by an attack of rheumatic fever. However, this is quite rare these days in developed countries. For instance, in the UK we see this affecting middle aged or elderly people that were faced with rheumatic fever while they were children. It is very rare to be faced with mitral stenosis at birth.
The most common ones are the following:
- Feeling really tired without an apparent reason.
- Abnormal-rapid heart beating or palpitations.
- Shortness of breath as you exert during early stages. In later stages this is visible even when you rest.
- Tissue swelling, especially in your ankles. This happens as the condition is becoming bad and such a symptom basically means that your heart is failing.
In most situations you will be faced with rapidly beating atria as you are diagnosed with mitral stenosis. In addition, blood clotting is usually found on your left atrium’s wall as it cannot completely empty itself. In the event that blood clot fragments break off, other blood vessels can be blocked. The big problem is that when this happens, a stroke is also a possibility.
Diagnosis And Treatment
Although symptoms were mentioned above, the only way in which you can get diagnosed is to go to the doctor. Clinics like Keyhole Heart Clinic can help with both the diagnosis and treatment.
When referring strictly to treatment, in most situations drugs are prescribed. This is done in order to tackle some of the above mentioned symptoms. Besides those, extra medication might be needed in order to avoid heart blood clots. If drug treatments do not work, you will need to undergo surgery. There are different procedures that can be used in order to help you. However, the best person to tell you what surgical option you have to consider is the surgeon.
What you need to do is find a really good clinic that is close to where you live. See which one has the best reputation and arrange a meeting with a doctor there. Ask all the questions you may have and see what options are available in your case. In the event that you have to go through surgery, analyze the success rates of the doctor that will take care of you.